How To Save Energy And Money In Your Home

Here are some suggestions to get Energy efficiency in order to reach better life.

Heating and Cooling
  1. Turn down the heat. For every degree you turn the heat down, you’ll save about 2% on your heating bill. It is NOT true that turning the heat down will use more energy because then the house needs to be heated up again.
  2. Turn down the temperature of your water heater to the warm setting (120°F). You'll not only save energy, you'll avoid scalding your hands.
  3. For fresh air, open windows all the way and create a cross breeze for 5-10 minutes. Then close windows again. Do not leave the windows cracked open.
  4. Use your AC and fans only when you are at home.
  5. Vacuum your radiators and filters (especially if you have forced hot air).
  6. Close the fireplace damper when not in use. If you do not have a damper, buy some rigid insulation board and cut it so it can snuggly fit into the fire place opening when you are not using it.
  1. Shut off unneeded appliances: e.g. computers, water coolers, humidifiers, etc.
  2. Start using energy-saving settings on refrigerators, dishwashers, washing machines, and clothes dryers.
  3. Don’t use a waterbed. It’s an energy guzzler.
  4. Use your microwave instead of your (electric) stove to warm up food.

  1. Vacuum your refrigerator coils regularly. They are under or in the back of your refrigerator.
  2. Keep your refrigerator and freezer full. That way, less cold escapes when you open and close the refrigerator.
  3. De-ice your refrigerator regularly.
  4. Turn off your extra refrigerator and turn it on only when you really need it.
  1. Switch to cold when doing your laundry. 85 – 90% of the energy used to wash your clothes is used to heat the water.
  2. Wash full loads only.
  3. Use a clothes line. It’s more work but you’ll save about $50-$100 a year. It’s also easier on your clothes.

Inexpensive things you can do even as a renter:
  1. Switch to Compact Fluorescent bulbs (CFBs)!
    Yes, they cost much more upfront ($1-$14) but they'll save you $30-$40 in electricity costs over their lifetime. There are many different types of CFLs available (including for small fixtures, 3-ways, and dimmable). Your local hardware store might not carry all models. For a large selection of CFLs go to: Watch for available rebates. Start with replacing the bulbs in the lights that are on most frequently.

    • Take 1-2 min to reach fullest brightness.
    • Are less bright when it is cold.
    • Should not flicker after 1-2 seconds.
    • Are not all of equally good quality: try them out before you buy many.
    • Have a small amount of mercury: call your city about disposal. (But they still use less mercury than would have been produced at the power plant when you use a regular incandescent bulb)
  2. Get a programmable thermostat
  3. Air-tighten your home: Caulk up your windows, put plastic on them, stop drafts from doors and windows
  4. Use fans instead of air-conditioning
  5. Get a low-flow showerhead and sink aerator (recommended brands: Niagara or ETL)
  6. Add insulation to an electric water heater

2. Get A Programmable Thermostat!
If you are not very good at remembering to turn your thermostat down when you are not at home and if you have a regular schedule, your money is well spent on a programmable thermostat. Check with your utility company or buy one at the hardware store. Suggested sample settings: 68 degrees when you are home. 58 degrees at night. 50 degrees when you are not at home.

3. Stop Drafts! Weather Strip Windows & Doors, Put Plastic On Windows!

Stopping leaks is the single most effective measure you can take to save energy cheaply! Leaks are responsible for about 1/3 of the energy loss in your home. You can buy the materials to do this at any hardware store. It will cost you between $10-$50 and not just cut your heating bill but also make your home feel more comfortable, because it will be less drafty.

4. Use fans instead of ACs!
A fan uses about 10-15% of the energy an air conditioner uses. So, use a fan when you can! And remember to shut the fan off, when you leave the room, because it does not actually cool the air but just move it. (The exception to this is when you try to get the cool night air from the outside into the house. A window fan that exhausts or blows in, will allow you to get rid of hot air and pull cool air from outside into warmer spaces) Use your AC and your fans only when you are actually in the room!

5. Get a low-flow showerhead and sink aerator
Your shower uses around 22 percent of the total water you use in your home (if your home is average). A good portion of that water is warm water, adding to your energy bill. You can assume that with an old standard shower head, a 5-minute shower would use about 30 gallons of water. A low-flow shower head usually works by mixing air into the water flow, which is restricted to increase the water pressure.

You can save about 1-2 gallons a minute by installing a low-flow aerator on you sink.

Recommended brands: Niagara:
6. Insulate Your Water Heater Tank for Energy Savings

Unless your water heater's storage tank already has a high R-value of insulation (at least R-24), adding insulation to it can reduce standby heat losses by 25%–45%. This will save you around 4%–9% in water heating costs. If you don't know your water heater tank's R-value, touch it. A tank that's warm to the touch needs additional insulation.

Insulating your storage water heater tank is fairly simple and inexpensive, and it will pay for itself in about a year. You can find pre-cut jackets or blankets available from around $10–$20. Choose one with an insulating value of at least R-8. Some utilities sell them at low prices, offer rebates, and even install them at a low or no cost.

For more specific instructions on how to insulate your water tank, go to:

More expensive investments that definitively pay back:

1. Insulate your walls and attic!
2. Get rid of your old refrigerator and buy a new one.
3. Buy a front-loading washing machine!
4. Always buy Energy Star rated appliances and electronic equipment.

1. Insulate your home!

(Before you insulate, air-tighten your home (see p.2) Stopping air leaks is the single most effective measure you can take to save energy cheaply! Leaks are responsible for about 1/3 of the energy loss in your home.)

Adding insulation to your home should be the very first larger home improvement you do!
Pay back is 1-5 years.

You'll pay between $700 and $3000 dollars depending on the size of your house. This investment is well worth it. It will pay back in less than 5 years. The insulator will pump cellulose (made from newspaper with an added fire retardant and bug repellant) from the outside into your walls. Done well, this is the best insulation you can get.

If you want to get the utility rebate (50% of the cost up to $1000 for oil customers, up to $1500 for NSTAR customers), make sure to get an energy audit first:

If you have to choose between replacing your old windows or insulating your walls, go for the insulation first: it will cost you much less and save you more. (Below more on windows)

2. Get rid of that old refrigerator and buy a new one!

If you have a refrigerator that is more than 8 years old, investing in a new one will be well worth your money!
Here are some tips:

• Get a refrigerator that is Energy Star rated. But watch out, just because it's Energy Star rated, does not mean it uses the least amount of electricity:

• Get the smallest size that fits your needs. The smaller the fridge, the less energy it needs. (Energy Star rates and compares fridges within size class: your Energy Star-rated, large, side-by-side fridge will still use more energy than a smaller-sized fridge with the freezer on the bottom or top.)

• Side-by-side fridges are least efficient. Fridges with the freezer on the bottom are most efficient (remember that science class? Heat rises, cold air stays on the bottom!)

3. Buy a front-loading washing machine!
Front-loading washing machines use about:

• 40 to 60% less water
• 30 to 50% less energy
• 50 to 70% less detergent than most top-loaders.

Most of the energy used for washing clothes isn't consumed by the movement, but by the water heater serving it. So, reducing water consumption also saves energy.
A typical top-loading washer uses about 40 gallons of water for each full load. In contrast, a full-size horizontal axis clothes washer uses only 20 to 25 gallons. (That means that, by purchasing a horizontal axis model, you could save as much as 7,000 gallons of water per year.)

The gentle tumbling action of a front-loader is much easier on cloths than the twisting action they receive in a top-loader.

The typical top-loader machine spins at about 600 rpm (revolutions per minute). Many front-loading machines also spin faster -1000 rpm to1600 rpm. This forces more water out of the washing, so a dryer uses less energy to dry the clothes.

A quick word about Clothes Dryers
The average US household uses a dryer about 420 times a year. This translates to about $80- $120 in energy costs. Unlike most other types of appliances, energy consumption does not vary significantly among comparable models of clothes dryers. Clothes dryers are not required to display EnergyGuide labels. Of course the cheapest and most environmental solution is to hang your clothes on a clothes line instead of using a drier.

More expensive decisions:
1. Replace your old furnace or boiler with a new high-efficiency one.
2. Window replacement

1. Replacing your old furnace or boiler with a new high-efficiency one.
If your house has an old ‘snowman’, it’s is definitively worthwhile and will have a good payback. (Watch out for asbestos on old pipes and boilers!) Make sure you get a high efficient new furnace/boiler. Get informed. Don't just blindly trust your plumber. A little upfront research can make a big difference.

Make sure your new boiler/furnace is sized correctly! If you have insulated, you might be able to switch to a smaller, cheaper model. Most systems are oversized, to tell how much, see how long it runs out of each hour during cold weather. If less than half the time, a smaller system will save energy.

2. Window replacement

The pros:

• New high-quality windows, if correctly installed are definitively much more energy-efficient (no matter what people will tell you) and they will cut your heating bills.
• You’ll get rid of lead paint.
• New windows are easier to operate and clean.

The cons:
• New high-quality windows are expensive ($300-$600 per opening)
• They have a very long pay back (30-50 years)
• Esthetics

Reducing our energy consumption makes sense.
The less energy we use, the less we pollute our air and water, release greenhouse gases, and the less we depend on sources of energy that may come from spoiling our own land or funding repressive governments. We are also doing ourselves a favor by saving money in the long run.


Tufts Climate Initiative:
Tufts is taking action to save money and reduce energy use through lighting replacement and controls, efficient air conditioning, boiler replacement, solar power and more.

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Another type of RC car is the nitro powered model cars. We all know that nitro powered cars are fast and it’s what most hobbyists’ reason why nitro cars are often chosen over electric RC cars. But of course, this isn’t an ideal car model for beginners. Compared to electric powered models too, nitro cars give the real feeling of how racing should be. Over the years, development has been improved for better and efficient running.

There are numerous disadvantages in using nitro cars and maintenance among them. Dirt is easily accumulated after a short run and the chassis of the car requires cleaning in a regular basis. Also, another requirement for maintaining nitro powered cars is how it should be properly tuned. Nitro cars need to perform in top condition and maximum speed without consuming much of the fuel. Through proper tuning, overheating of these types of cars is prevented.

Compared to electric powered cars, a battery-powered car can achieve a run of about 10 minutes tops and then the batteries need to be recharged again; whereas nitro cars can be driven for longer duration.

A nitro powered car has four distinct parts and it includes special nitro fuel, the high horsepower engine, the pipe for tune exhaust and the air filter can be replaced. These parts are important for cleaning and regular check up because if these materials are neglected; a possible mechanical wear could happen.

One safety precaution falls under collision. Nitro cars are more prone to collision with other nitro cars due to the speed and power during acceleration. It’s important to be aware first of safety measures regarding nitro cars before putting them to the real test. Generally, nitro cars require more attention since it asks for a lot of maintenance; but you can guarantee its performance as well if handled with great care.

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Nitro fuel contains castor oil, synthetic oil, or a mixture of both that possible to reduce friction and helps the RC engine run cooler. Synthetic oil lubricates well at low temperatures but at high temperatures it burns off and provides little protection. While castor oil breaks down at high temperatures that creates a lubricating film. Nitro fuel for cars usually uses castor oil or, more commonly these days, a castor oil / synthetic oil mix. RC aircraft fuel typically uses synthetic oil but may also use a castor oil / mix synthetic oil.

The amount of oil found in nitro fuel is between 8% to 25% of the range with 15%-20% being the typical amount of oil found in nitro fuel. There is some debate as to whether an RC aircraft that often runs at wide open throttle during most of its run needs a higher percentage of oil than an RC car that only runs at full throttle for short spurts. An RC car or truck with a hopped-up engine that does a lot of high speed racing may need a higher oil percentage than one running a stock engine and not involved in professional racing.

Other Types of RC Fuel

While 10% to 40% is the typical percentage of nitro in nitro fuel, you can buy fuel with as much as 60% nitro or with 0% nitro (FAI fuel). Most RC cars and trucks use 10%-40% nitro blends. RC airplanes may use lower nitro blends of 5%-10% nitro. There are also RC engines that run on regular gasoline mixed with motor oil or diesel fuel (these are engines with spark plugs rather than glow plugs) as well as jet-turbine engines that use propane or kerosene. These are specialty radio controlled models and not the kind most often sold in hobby shops.

Best Fuel for an RC Nitro Engine

It is generally best to start out with the type of fuel recommended by the manufacturer for your RC engine - and the recommended engine settings -- whether that glow engine is in a car, truck, airplane, helicopter, or boat. Once you become more familiar with your RC and understand how the various nitro blends affect performance you can start experimenting to find the nitro/oil mix that works best for the way you use your R

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The increase in the fuel cause many negative impacts in the community. It has been predicted by the executive, but there is a positive side of this increase of the electrical energy needs in the community by using the nuclear reactor.

Nuclear Energy was confronted by many advanced countries such as USA, UK, Germany, etc., but as long as its utility on the community advantage then this is highly boosted. One of them is the development of nuclear reactor to meet the needs of electricity; the government has begun to realize its plan especially in Indonesia.

If you take a look and learnt from Elementary School up to University, it shows us that the increase of population go straight proportionate to the needs of energy, especially to countries that show the development of the industrial agricultural population. The diminish of conventional energy sources (such as oil and gas), and limited resources to environmental support effects of the use of conventional energy sources is part of the reason for choosing the nuclear energy as an alternative and backup energy needs in the country and create a successful reform of the energy.

In the world at this time there are 441 nuclear reactors. In fact, until the year 2020 State Electricity will be 126 units. From that amount, 40 of them are in China. China State Electricity has been determined utilizing a cheap, safe and clean to meet the needs of 1.3 billion people. In other countries, France meets 78 percent of the electricity needs of State Electricity. Japan also, about 40 percent of electricity needs from State Electricity that has been gained from State Electricity. Recently, U.S. President George W Bush has delivered the planned construction of the U.S. nuclear energy by 2010, and reminded about the dangers of dependence on oil. Giving an example France, China and India, President Bush urged the program 1.1 billion U.S. dollars to promote the construction of nuclear power energy, something the U.S. has not done since 1970s.

In fact, in the U.S., 2002 U.S. president George Bush has launched Nuclear Power 2010 program with a focus on the commercialization of generation III + reactor. This program is supported by the U.S. Energy Policy Act 2005 (Epact 2005). Based on this Law on the Government to provide three forms of U.S. subsidy for the nuclear industry: production tax credit equal to 18 U.S. dollars / MWh to 125 million U.S. dollars per 1,000 MW, provisions for the insurance up to 80 percent of project cost and the federal government and risk insurance of 500 million U.S. dollars for the first two units and 250 million U.S. dollars for units 3-6. This guarantee will be paid if the delay was not caused by the recipient of the license. Many of these subsidies create economic PLTN better because a number of risks and investment costs borne by U.S. consumers and the public.

Russia and some other western European countries are countries that have used nuclear energy in electricity needs, both settlements and industry. Chernobyl tragedy and the case of radioactive waste spillage should not negate the main reason for the development of nuclear energy in Indonesia. Resources to support the construction, technology, processing uranium as a raw material for nuclear energy, radioactive waste and the processing that must be optimized.

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People are always eager to find new ways to save money and in crease profits.
With many companies striving to remain profitable in an increasingly competitive global market and with a new international focus on the need for energy conservation, imagine the savings and business opportunities available to you with this new invention that is proven to save upto 35% in electricity costs.

POWER savers use a state of the art electrical technology to actively monitor and improve the power factor of your household / office appliances, in addition, the intelligent technology optimizes the voltage and current demands thus reducing the active power / KwH demands and achieves upto 35% savings on your electricity bill, it also acts as a voltage stabilizer by storing energy for up to 10 seconds and therefore supplies the load with constant voltage during momentary power surges, this in turn results to longer lifespan of the electrical appliances.
Principle: power compensation is the basic principle of a capacitive load of power and emotional power load devices and connectivity of the line, when the capacitive load the release of energy, the emotional load of energy absorption and the release of emotional energy load, but capacitive load In the energy absorption, the energy exchange between the two load, so absorbed by the emotional load of the power output by capacitive load of power in compensation, which is the principle of power compensation. Compensation is the spot for electrical line terminal (gas) for the compensation, with electrical appliances installed in the vicinity of a small investment, small size, ease of installation and effective compensation for energy saving has extremely important practical value.
Effects: in situ current balance, improve the quality of voltage lines end. Improve the power factor, the full use of energy, reduce line losses.

Shops, homes, restaurants, offices, factories (single phase), etc.

Rate Voltage: 110-250VAC, 50HZ / 60HZ
Working Temperature: -15 degree to 60 degree
Single phase model
Use one POWER Saver for every 18,000 watts

- Plug this device into a wall socket, not an extension cord or multiple socket and switch on the unit.
- When you see 2 green LED lights turn on, the unit has started saving electricity
- Install one power saver to each phase.

- The device must be plugged in firmly. Avoid loose connections.
- This device can store electrical charge, wait for 10 seconds after the electrical supply is switched off before unplugging the device.
- Keep away from children.
- Do not tamper, open or repair the POWER Saver by yourself, call your dealer or distributor for service.

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Nitromethane is a simple of Nitro organic complex. This substance is rarely applied for public purposes because the energy stored in it is very huge, and even exceed the explosive TNT, so it is wondering caused greater damage. This substances is a little thick, which is used as a solvent in various applications such as in the industry device and reactive substances for cleaning solution. As a reactant in organic synthesis, widely used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, explosives, fibers, and coatings. It is widely use of fuel in the race.

Nitromethane is not recognize as explosive substances since 1950s, although the explosion happened on the train which burned its tankage with leaving a big hole. Some researches are done that nitromethane is more vigorous than the explosive TNT. Pure nitromethane is immune to the explosive, but even so inhibitors may be used to reduce the danger.

Nitromethane is used as a fuel in racing, particularly drag racing, to provide more energy. Nitromethane is usually used as the fuel mixture. This is because nitromethane can provide power even in the lack of atmospheric oxygen, as described above, but also because of nitromethane tends to produce energy since the pre-ignition. A rich mixture that will cause problems given ignition and combustion speed lower. In this context, it is commonly referred to as a "Nitro" or "fuel". He has also been used as model rocket fuel. This is usually mixed with Methanol.

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Indeed, save the use of electricity household is not difficult to be implemented. It is required only the attitudes and behavior of sparingly electricity in the family member, including as follows:

1. Use of electric power that are connected in accordance with the needs of electricity day-to-day.

2. Use household equipments, especially electronic equipment appropriately and it is needed.

3. Create the habits that electricity sparingly as a daily behavior in all family members, such as:

· Turning on the electricity equipment at the time used.

· Use electrical equipments alternately which means never turn on some equipment at the same time.

· If possible, use electricity to increase family income (activities that are productive).

Tips to save electricity Lights:

· Use saving energy lights that affordable quality.

· Make a habit to turn off lighting when it is not in used.

· Use electronic Ballast and install condenser TL lamps (neon) for your comfortable

· Lights on the terrace lamp at the time of the night come and immediately
light off when the sun began to rise.

Tips to save refrigerator or freezer

· Choose a refrigerator with the size and capacity that relevant with your house power

· Make sure the refrigerator door is always closed

· Do not fill the refrigerator or freezer with over capacity,

· Avoid putting the hot food / drink into your refrigerator

· Set your refrigerator or freezer temperature in average. Never adjust into extreme low or freeze that influence the energy consumption

Tips to save electricity iron

· Choose the electricity iron that use automatic thermostat

· When ironing, set the necessary level of heating that suitable with clothes type

· Avoid plug and unplug electricity from the power

· Clean the bottom of the iron from crust that prevent heating perfectly.

· Turning off the electricity iron immediately after used or in case of using another electricity appliances

Tips to save Tape Recorder, Radio and Television

· Turn off the television, radio and tape recorder and audio equipment and other visual if it is not used.

· Make sure that television, radio and tape recorder are really switch off from the main / electricity plug, not from sleep timer. For the use of sleep timer does not cut off the flow of electricity.

Tips to save water pump

· Use water tank and turn on only when the water pump is almost empty

· It will be better when using the automatic control system that terminate electricity when it is not in used, because the more often you use the water pump, the more power/energy will be consumed

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